Friday, June 23, 2017

1) On jungle roads, Jokowi reboots with eye on 2019 Indonesia vote

2) How an Architect Rebuilt a Papuan Village
1) On jungle roads, Jokowi reboots with eye on 2019 Indonesia vote

Karlis Salna and Untung Sumarwan Bloomberg
Jakarta | Fri, June 23, 2017 | 09:30 am

Sitting on a Kawasaki dirt bike with a camera fastened to his helmet, Indonesia President Joko Widodo led an entourage last month to inspect construction of the longest road in the eastern province of Papua.
The fresh rainforest air provided a welcome respite for the president after months of political turmoil. Nearly 3,500 kilometers away in Jakarta, his ally Governor Basuki Tjahaja Purnama was spending his first full day in prison on blasphemy charges -- a case that also came as a blow to Widodo, popularly known as Jokowi.
The road in Papua provided more than an escape for Jokowi: It offered a path to reboot and secure a second term in 2019. Many Indonesia watchers see Jokowi’s political future tied to his ability to implement a $350 billion infrastructure program and increase living standards for the poor in Southeast Asia’s biggest economy.
“If he can deliver most of the things he says he wants to do with infrastructure, that should hold him in good stead going into the contest for a second term,” said Greg Barton, a professor of global Islamic politics at Deakin University in Australia. “The attack on Ahok was very much an attack on Jokowi -- it was very much a preemptive strike ahead of the election cycle.”
Purnama, widely known by the nickname Ahok, was put on trial for blasphemy late last year after he told voters they were being deceived by people attempting to use Koranic verses to undermine his candidacy in the Jakarta governor race. He was sentenced to two years in jail on May 9, weeks after he lost the vote.
Religious Tensions
The case against a Christian of Chinese descent brought hundreds of thousands of people onto the streets in protests, some of which turned violent, raising concerns that Muslim-majority Indonesia was losing its reputation for religious tolerance. Jokowi sought to quell tensions with a call for unity and public appearances with senior officials from the military, police and other party chiefs.
The victor in Jakarta was an ally of Prabowo Subianto, who lost to Jokowi in the 2014 presidential race and is widely expected to challenge him again two years from now. The win put the opposition in control of a city that contributes nearly a fifth of Indonesia’s gross domestic product and the bulk of its finance.
Still, Jokowi has appeared to weather the storm. His coalition in parliament remains solid, the economic outlook is bright and he remains popular with the public.
Jokowi received the backing of twice as many respondents as Prabowo in a survey of 1,350 voters last month by Saiful Mujani Research and Consulting. Public satisfaction with his performance stood at 67 percent.
‘Super Happy’
The World Bank forecasts the economy will grow 5.2 percent this year. While that’s short of Jokowi’s target of 7 percent, it’s high compared with other emerging markets.
“Many countries in the world would be super happy to have 5.2 percent," said Rodrigo Chaves, the World Bank’s country director for Indonesia. “Indonesia is growing twice as fast as the global economy. That’s no mean feat.”
Last month S&P Global Ratings raised Indonesia’s debt score to investment grade on the back of "a new focus on realistic budgeting" that reduced the risk of widening deficits. That stands to boost inflows even further while Indonesia’s foreign reserves have already climbed to a record, reaching $125 billion in May.
In parliament, Jokowi controls about 70 percent of seats, and his coalition partners appear to be standing with him. Golkar, the country’s second-biggest political party, joined up with the president last year and credits Jokowi with improving the nation’s infrastructure.
“We believe Jokowi will be able to consolidate his support from various parties and deliver in 2019," said Ace Hasan Syadzily, a lawmaker with Golkar.

Highway, Subway
Since the Jakarta election, Prabowo’s party has struggled to open up a line of attack against Jokowi. Arief Puyuwono, a deputy chairman of Gerindra, gave Jokowi a “thumbs up” for his management of the economy even while saying he could do more to increase wages for laborers who comprise the bulk of the nation’s 260 million people.
Jokowi’s immediate agenda over the next few months is passing a revised budget, anti-terrorism laws and regulations that could increase the power of tax authorities after an amnesty raised $11 billion. Over the longer term, he’ll look to continue building infrastructure that impacts voters directly.
In Papua, Jokowi is looking to finish the nearly 4,300 kilometer (2,700 mile) road stretching across the province by next year. More difficult may be a subway system in Jakarta, which is now in the hands of Prabowo’s allies.
Either way, Jokowi has done much more already on infrastructure than the previous administration accomplished in 10 years, according to Rizal Ramli, a former minister in Jokowi’s cabinet who also served as finance minister in 2001. Focusing on economic issues will help him avoid the missteps that led to the defeat of his ally in Jakarta, he said.
“Jokowi lost a lot of political capital because Ahok has dragged him down,” Ramli said. “If Jokowi doesn’t change, then he might have trouble getting re-elected in 2019.”


2) How an Architect Rebuilt a Papuan Village

Visionary architect Yori Antar believes that instead of copy-pasting modern architecture, people should put Indonesian vernacular architecture into account. His latest projet in rebuilding and archiving Suroba architecture in Papua is the first attempt in history to alter Papua’s oral lore to written record.

Photo by Michael Sunders and Griselda Vania Chandra

Yori Antar’s fervour in enjoying the Indonesian landscape has given birth
to a movement to restore Indonesia’s architectural heritage. In 2008, he named this movement ‘Rumah Asuh’. The initiative has restored and documented traditional houses in publications, and quickly gained recognition from UNESCO and Aga Khan for its attempt to save and preserve the local wisdom of the Indonesian architecture. In May 2017, Antar completed part of his ‘Rumah Asuh’ project called ‘Suroba Memanggil’, which translates to Suroba is calling. “This is not to romanticize traditional houses,” he says. “It is an attempt to reorient our views and to stop calling our traditional architecture as the heritage from the age of foolishness.”
Suroba is known as the land of warriors. Located 30 minutes away from Wamena, Papua, Suroba was first seen by the world in 1961 in a documentary that filmed war tribes in the area, Dead Birds. Michael Rockafeller was the sound recordist before he disappeared. As hunting and cannibalism were common at the time, Rockeffeler was 
speculated to be eaten by the natives.
“Although the war has stopped, Suroba
looks like it’s been frozen in time since
1961,” Antar says.

Ceremonies were important for the tribes. In 1973, one of the head tribes Obahorok of Dani tribe married an American anthropologist Wyn Sargent
as a ceremonial symbol to prevent wars between tribes that disliked the presence of foreign anthropologist in Baliem Valley. “It was similar when I was there,” Antar says. “The Dani tribe made a ceremony for me. They asked their dead ancestors to see what kind of intentions I had.” Antar was accepted. This means that anyone who came under his name will be accepted as well.
The plan for Suroba calls for the reconstruction of traditional honai houses, two guard towers, two bridges, and a honai homestay compound consists of eight honai stays, a honai kitchen, and a honai toilet.
In 2015, Antar started the project with building Kayou watch guard tower,
a 10-metre wooden tower located at the west border of Suroba village. “The Kayou tower used to be a watch guard tower
for wars,” he says, “but when we rebuilt the tower, it became a symbol of victory for the Surobans in preserving their own culture.”
After finishing the first tower, Antar, whose full name is Gregorius Antar Awal, received donation to build the second tower in 2016. After the second tower was built, Antar initiated the idea to renovate the homestay facilities and was given the permission by the head
of the tribe. With the help of 20 people from Suroba and two university students from Tarumanegara University, Antar envisioned the homestay restoration project as an empowerment for Suroba community for their tourism.
In 2017, the first to be built were the bridges and honai houses for Suroba people. Akikulakma bridge is a 39-metre- long bridge made from oak tree panels that passes over the Aiki river. The big bridge is an important facility for Suroba women, whose daily duty is to harvest food and bring livestock back to the village. To prevent flood and erotion in rainy season, an additional smaller bridge was also built close by.

“All the materials used were collected from the jungle,” Antar says. “Suroba people also replanted the trees after they cut them.” The trees that were picked included 20-year-old oak and ironwoods and some local trees, such as wip and opuruk trees.
Honai houses for Suroba people are set in one compound called a Silimo.
A honai house is a two-storey round- shape windowless house that measures 2.5 metre in height. It has a fireplace at the centre, and a void with a ladder for access to the second floor. Weed flooring is used for both floors, while the the domed-shaped ceiling is covered with thatched roof using dry vegetation, such as straw and weed, which offer significant insulation to withstand the cold mountain climate.
Two honai houses were built this
year: a Pilamo, for the males; and an
Uma for the females and their children. Typically, a Pilamo is bigger than an
Uma, but the structure is the same. The main difference between a Pilamo and Uma is the functions of the ground floor. In Pilamo, the ground floor is a place to receive guests and to relax, while in Uma, it serves as a storage and a place to watch the kitchen straight from their entrance.
Antar believes that the documentation will be useful as a model for people who live in a similar environment across 
the archipelago. He is aware that the implementation needs to have a strong environmental context behind it, which
 he notes as another major issue in Indonesian architecture.
“Indonesian houses has one similarity across the archipelago,” he says, referring to the two-season house. A two-
season house is mainly used for resting, encouraging people to do activities outdoor. Antar believes that if architects omit to explore outdoor activities and build a house the serves all functions, such as a four-season house, people will eventually abandon the importance of community living.
Nine years of ‘Rumah Asuh’ projects, Antar and his team have completed 15 traditional villages including in Suroba, Wairebo, Sumba, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, and Sumatera, in which there would be some university students involved to document the projects. “The main aim is to create a synergy and to transfer these oral lore into a book so we can take lessons or even implement it in the future,” Antar says. Some of the completed projects are recorded in the book titled ‘O Kika O Suroba’, which also documents the culture and traditional architecture of honai houses.
Antar is certain that if the ‘Rumah Asuh’ movement can provide good records on traditional houses, young Indonesian architects would start idolizing vernacular architecture that would aspire them in creating cutting-edge innovations. “Eventually young architects will have new idols beyond Frank Lloyd Wright and Zaha Hadid buildings, and it will be Nusantara architecture,” Antar said. On top of the two honai houses, ‘Suroba Memanggil’ has completed one honai stay, while the rest is planned to be completed this year.

Visiting Suroba
Andre Liem
Honai Stay Coordinator from Papua Tour Guides Community (PATGOM)
What can we look forward to in Suroba?

If you go in May, you can see pink reed all over the place. For all the other months in the year, the traditional houses, coffee plantation, beach, and mountain are still pristine. Our ‘Jungle Chef’, Charles Toto, use a foreging technique to serve
the guests. He would hunt and take ingredients from the woods and cook them that with international flavour. Celebrities who have had a taste includes Rolling Stone vocalist Mick Jagger, who visited in December 2008. This year, Charles Toto was invited to the Ubud Food Festival and the Indonesian Culinary Festival.
How important is Honai Stay for Suroba people?
Honai Stay is important for the Suroba community because tourism is one ofthe main income sources in Suroba. A few years ago, tourists only came to trek and see a culture that was already too commercialized. Now, since the ‘Suroba Memanggil’ project was launched, tourists are invited to learn a more detailed story about the local architecture, food and culture. For example, the honai philosophy and honai structures are big assets for our knowledge for us and for people who want to know our culture better.
In most cases, who are your visitors?
Until today, it’s 99% foreigners. For example, there were tourists from Japan visiting us recently. Mostly, they are here for a week to visit different areas, and spend five days camping. They usually come in pairs, or in larger groups of 10. Ten years ago it costs US$200 – US$500 for five people, but now there is a need increase the price to maintain everything and to empower people here.

This story was published in Edition No. 80 Jun – July 2017 / Working Spaces.
Banyubening Prieta Banyu has been a contributing writer to The Jakarta Post, Sorge Magazine and Metronome Indonesia after graduating from Parahyangan Catholic University with a degree in international relations. She is the owner and co-founder of the Jakarta-based organic restaurant and healthy catering business Burgreens and the co-founder of Suazad Media.

Thursday, June 22, 2017

1) Financing spotlight: Blue Abadi, a $38-million trust fund to support MPAs in the Bird’s Head region of Indonesia

2) Freeport Indonesia workers to extend strike for a month: union


1) Financing spotlight: Blue Abadi, a $38-million trust fund to support MPAs in the Bird’s Head region of Indonesia

Posted on June 22, 2017 - 12:36pm, by MPA News staff

In September 2016, several institutions — Conservation International (CI), The Walton Family Foundation, the Global Environment Facility, The Nature Conservancy (TNC), and World Wildlife Fund (WWF) — announced a joint effort to support long-term protection of Indonesia's Bird's Head region, a highly diverse marine area in West Papua, Indonesia. The centerpiece of the effort is a new trust fund called Blue Abadi, for the Indonesian word for “forever”.
Once fully capitalized with a target of US $38 million, the fund will be among the largest dedicated marine conservation funds in the world. Its goal is to provide self-sustained financing for the region’s MPA network, which covers 36,000 km2 of locally managed sites. The first money is already arriving. In February of this year, CI, TNC, WWF, and the Indonesian government announced their initial capitalization of the fund with $23 million.
For insights on how the fund is structured and what drove its development, MPA News speaks with Laure Katz, director of the Seascapes Program at CI. 
MPA News: Some conservation funds are designed to provide financing in perpetuity, while others spend down their money (or capital) over time. Which model does the Blue Abadi Fund use?
Laure Katz: The Blue Abadi Fund is a multi-account fund, with both a sinking component and an endowment component. The sinking portion will be spent during the initial 3-5 years of fund operation, allowing the endowment capital to grow. Revenues generated from investing the Blue Abadi endowment capital on a yearly basis will be disbursed to local grantees to ensure adequate protection of the Bird’s Head Seascape in perpetuity. 
What drove the development of the fund, aside from wanting to sustain MPAs in the Bird’s Head region?
Katz: For several years, the primary anchor donor for the Bird’s Head Seascape has been the Walton Family Foundation. After 12 years of extremely generous support for MPAs in the Bird’s Head Seascape, the foundation has embarked on an exciting new strategy for Indonesia that focuses on fisheries reform. The establishment of the Blue Abadi Fund was motivated in part by this anticipated transition and to incentivize other long-term sustainable funding sources for the seascape so as to not be reliant on international philanthropy forever.
Who will be in charge of managing the Fund?
Katz: The Blue Abadi Fund will be governed by a multi-stakeholder governance committee, with representation from local and national government, local indigenous communities, conservation NGOs, donors, the private sector, and the finance sector. In turn, the governance committee will be supported by three expert committees, including a science and conservation technical advisory committee, a Papua advisory committee, and a financial advisory committee.
The day-to-day administration of the fund will be led by the Indonesian Biodiversity Foundation (KEHATI). KEHATI brings over 20 years of experience administering conservation trust funds in Indonesia and is excited to work on its first ocean project.
Grants from the Fund will be available to Bird's Head communities and agencies to support local stewardship of protected areas. When will communities and agencies be able to apply for such grants, and how should they do that?
Katz: The Blue Abadi Fund will have two granting tracks — a primary granting facility and INOVASI, a small grants facility — to support smaller local Papuan organizations actively participating in the conservation and sustainable development of the seascape. For the primary granting facility, KEHATI will issue requests for proposals on an annual basis to targeted local agencies and organizations filling core functions within the seascape, such as MPA management, monitoring and science, or environmental education. The first round of requests for proposals was in April 2017. For the INOVASI small grants facility, KEHATI will issue an open call on an annual basis. The first open call for proposals is expected to be in September 2017 for grants starting in January 2018. 
For more information: 
Kipp Lanham, communications, Conservation International, 


2) Freeport Indonesia workers to extend strike for a month: union

Reuters Fransiska Nangoy
Jakarta | Thu, June 22, 2017 | 07:09 pm

Thousands of Freeport Indonesia workers and contractors hold a rally in Timika, Papua, on May 1. (Antara/Wahyu Putro A)

Thousands of mine workers at the Indonesian unit of Freeport-McMoRan Inc will extend their strike for another month to protest against layoffs, a union official said on Wednesday.
Up to 6,000 workers will remain on strike, Freeport Indonesia union industrial relations officer Tri Puspital told Reuters, putting Freeport's plan to ramp up output at risk.
Workers started a strike in May after Freeport laid off around 10 percent of its workforce, while the miner negotiates a new mining permit with the government. (ags)

Wednesday, June 21, 2017


                                              Ophir energy acreage in Indonesia – IST
Wamena, Jubi – A police officer in Wamena, Jayawijaya allegedly mistreated a minor, Friday afternoon, June 16, 2017.
As a result the victim named Albert Nawipa (15) had to be treated at Emergency Installation (IGD) RSUD Wamena.
Yance Tenoye from Jayawijaya Institute for Law and Human Rights Studies and Advocacy said that Albert was beaten by police officers who served in Pasar Potikelek. After got beaten the victim was also told to clean up the post in the market.

“When the family saw and took the child out of the post, saying that the police post was not his place of work and took him out, he was brought home. Arriving at home, the family saw the bleeding from victim’s nose and finally took him to Wamena hospitals,” he said.
Tenoye regretted the actions of police officers, especially because the victim is under age. He and the families of victims did not understand what cause of the child persecution.
Jayawijaya Police Chief, AKBP Yan Pieter Reba confirmed to have received a report related to the alleged persecution.
“I have not been able to give response, since Friday I am preparing for the visit of Kapolda to Wamena,” said Kapolres.
Separately, Chairman of Advocacy Network of Law and Human Rights of the Middle Mountains, Theo Hesegem asserted that the police was not professional. Moreover, the victims of abuse are minors and persecuted in Pasar Potikelek.
According to him, the officer/police post should be a place to serve and protect the community. (*)

Jayapura, Jubi – Member of House Commission I Papua, Laurenzus Kadepa hopes the Police Chief of Papua, Inspector General Boy Rafli Amar did not break his promise and would investigate the alleged violence case against Albert Nawipa (15) allegedly committed by police officer of  Jayawijaya, Papua, Friday (June 16).
Kadepa claimed to have communicated with the Papua Police Chief and that he would prosecute his members if it were true.
“The police chief regretted the incident, saying that the police officer is now being questioned by the police chief, hoping that the victim will recover immediately,” he said to Jubi on Tuesday (June 20).

According to him, the settlement of this case is entirely on the Papua Police to sanction individual members who allegedly carried out violence if it was proven.
“I deeply regret that a 15-year-old boy is allegedly beaten by a police officer, I get this information from the victim’s family and the victim’s parents want the perpetrator to be processed, I ask the Police to resolve the case,” he said.
The promise must be kept in order for the victims and their kinship to get justice. “The police chief has promised so he has to keep it, to resolve the case thoroughly,” he said.
Separately, Head of Public Relations of Papua Police, Senior Commissioner (Pol) AM. Kamal said the police did not remain silent. After getting the information, the Papua Police Chief directly ordered the Head of Propam to proceed to Wamena, Jayawijaya and conducting an investigation. If the information is true and the results of an investigation indicate there are unscrupulous police officers, will certainly be dealt with according to the rules.
“We got the information last night and Kapolres did not know about it yet, but this morning (June 20), the Chief of Police ordered Head of Propam to proceed to Wamena for investigation,” said Kombes (Pol) AM. Kamal.
According to him, the Papua Police has taken steps to find out the truth of the information. If it proves that a police officer conducted violence, there will be a step taken by the institution.
“We do not tolerate our members who have committed violations, we have been informed by Kontras friends in Jakarta, DPR RI and others,” he said. (*)

Tuesday, June 20, 2017


3) Investors Curve Natural Wealth While Making Human Rights Violations
Eunike Ohee, lcal crafters sell Papuan traditional Noken in FDS exhibition – Jubi/Engel Wally
Sentani, Jubi – Since the holding of Lake Sentani Festival (FDS) in 2007 the people of Jayapura Regency expect on villages local cultural content to be prioritized in FDS.
Local community figures, Alfredo Suebu said FDS has not realized the wishes of local communities. This festival is considered merely ceremonial.
“This FDS still features company products that are clearly not prioritizing cultural and local wisdom. The question is whether it is really a cultural festival or a development exhibition?
Things which should be shown here is cultural and traditions of local Sentani society,” said Alfredo FDS are at Beach Kalkote Tour, East Sentani District, Sunday (June 18).
Therefore, he said in the FDS X event on 19-23 June 2017 it is expected that local villages can show their cultural potentials.
Papuan women figure, Kori Ohee also argued that this time the Government has not prepared a decent place for local economic business actors during the FDS exhibition.
“Whose benefit is FDS? Which place is good for our local economic actors? It was a pity for local traders who came to sell food but did not get a good place during the exhibitions,” she said. (*)

Jayapura, Jubi – Imagine being in captivity for more 48 years when you were granted freedom by the World’s powerful Assembly.
Think about witnessing all kinds of atrocities being committed against the would-be independent state. Well you can hardly believe, but that is the situation the people of West Papua who have lived in close to 50 years after a vote that disfranchised the majority of West Papuans-just to be conducted by just 1,026 on behalf of the entire population of 800,000 at the time.
The voting on its own was the right thing to do being a culmination of United Nations Resolution 1514 adopted in 1960 amid the pressure of global anti-imperial movements and colonial territories
The results of a vote that was viewed to be far from free or fair, gave Indonesia powers to rule over the people whom they forced to vote in colonizer’s favour.
During his visit to Uganda, Jacob Rumbiak, the Foreign Affairs representative for the Federal Republic of West Papua, narrated a disturbing tale of native West Papuans live with at the hands of Indonesian government that has gripped onto the people.
Flanked by Neddy Byrne, Rumbiak also visited Jacob Oulanyah, the deputy Speaker of Ugandan Parliament. He told the Deputy speaker about the many years of human rights abuses that stretch to killings of whoever dares to resist Indonesia’s rule.
“There is no doubt, there is genocide in West Papua similar to that genocide of Rwanda,”said Rumbiak “a minimum of 500,000 people have been killed so far. So, the atrocities that have been committed against West Papuans need to stop and it’s unfortunate, the situations are even getting worse now.”
“The West Papuan population is reducing. It was 800,000 at a point, but due to genocide, it keeps on diminishing day by day. So, the numbers of deaths speak volumes.” He added.
He said that West Papua, has got huge depositories of natural resources ranging from Oil, copper-to gold, an issues he said that is the precursor for the un-ending Indonesian’s gun rule, ignored by Western Countries-especially the US which they accused of turning a blind eye just because of some vested interests.
“We have copper, Gold mines, Oil and we are victims of a cold war just because the super power countries have got interest in our natural resources,” said Rumbiak.
According to Rumbiak’s account, Indonesians own and run most of the businesses in all major cities and thus controlling most of the money in the West Papua, leaving the indigenous people to just involve in petty jobs in their own country.
“We can’t seat back and watch people being killed one after the other. There is a time limit which is not about 2-3 years, the Papuans should be free,” vowed Rumbiak, but optimistic that one day, “West Papua will get its independence.”
Uganda supports West Papuans
On listening to the West Papuans ordeal, Jacob Oulanyah said that the Ugandan Parliament is ready to support the West Papuan cause through use of its connections with international Parliaments.
“We will do whatever our parliament and the nation can to ensure that by end of June this year, that the resolutions is heard and discussed in the UN,” said Oulanyah.
He further said that Ugandan Parliament could also identify MPs to propose the motion, support and debate it in the house. We can send the resolutions to other East African Parliaments including the Inter-governmental Authority on Development (IGAD) in Eastern Africa countries.”
Oulanyah, however, advised the delegation to use organized youths back home so that the World bodies can get cause for supporting the cause by the natives.
Prodded on why Uganda other than other Countries, Rumbiak said that “African continent, Uganda in particular, speaks and make things move and I feel Uganda is a country whose spirit in rescuing others is alive thus our plea to have Uganda involved in this fight through supporting our petition in international forums such as African Union and UN.”
According to Rumbiak, the West Papuan population which is united internally is renewing its fight for freedom for self-determination.
The Federal Republic of West Papua “(NFRPB) is set to make its case for West Papua’s independence before ACP-EU Joint Parliamentary Assembly 33rd Session scheduled to take place at St. Julian’s, Malta between 19-21 June 2017.
*Written by Deo Walusimbi
Editor: Zely Ariane
A google translate. Be-aware google translate can be a bit erratic.
Original bahasa link at

3) Investors Curve Natural Wealth While Making Human Rights Violations

The location of gold mining on the river Mosairo, Kampung Nifasi, Makimi District, Nabire District, Papua. (Dock SuN)

JAYAPURA, - There have been many cases of human rights violations committed in Tanah Papua since the annexation process in 1963. The presence of investors has also added to the long list of human rights violations. Indigenous peoples who own natural resources are always in the ranks of investment victims.

John NR Gobai, the board of Indigenous Council of Papua, said that indigenous peoples have been feeling the sacrifice of investors present in the Land of Papua not only because of the actions of security actors, but also the absence of a positive impact as the operation of a corporation, whether forestry corporations, Plantation and mining and others.

“The presence of businesses in Papua spans human rights violations against indigenous peoples whose customary territories are managed by natural resources by corporations," he said in a written bribery received by on Monday (19/06/2017).
Cases of human rights violations resulting from the exploitation of Natural Resources (SDA) in Papua by corporations are difficult to avoid. The latest fact, bebernya, community Wate Tribe in Kampung Nifasi, Makimi District, Nabire District, Papua, is experiencing this.

Read also: Komnas HAM RI Asked to Urge TNI Commander to Take Strict Action on TNI in Mosairo River Location

Two companies that enter to manage the Mosairo River, namely PT. Kristalin Eka Lestari (PT KEL) and PT. Pacific Mining Jaya (PT PMJ) is said to have no consent from Wate's indigenous people. Ironically, the company uses TNI elements from Battalion 753 / AVT Nabire and High Officers from the TNI Headquarters Headquarters (Mabes) covering its illegal activities on the banks of the Mosairo river. They even set up TNI posts in Nifasi to secure the activities of PT. KEL.

Robertino Hanebora from Solidaritas Untuk Nifasi (SUN) stated that it is very potential to strike the indigenous people who reject the presence of PT. KEL. Even several times the problem and have been voiced to various related parties, only until now has not been taken seriously.

Read also: LP3BH Manokwari Supports Wate Community Agreement in Nabire

Allegations that the presence of investment or business in Papua have an impact on human rights violations, due to the process of obtaining permits either from the owners of ulayat rights until the government is not procedural, also without the permission or collective consent of the community ulayat rights owners. The acquisition of unprocessed licenses resulted in unhealthy investments and led to conflicts of confiscation, land tenure and the creation of inter-community conflicts resulting from pro-contra.

Worse yet illegal business is commonly involves unscrupulous security forces to smother and smooth the intention of mastering and depleting the natural potential that is pursued by the businessmen. Another illegal impact is detrimental to the state in the state tax obligations.

The land of Papua is famous for the potential of natural resources that is very promising both land and sea, so far business space is growing rapidly, but not infrequently tails the violation of human rights is very high. Surprisingly, local governments, especially the province of Papua, the region and also the guards Kamtibmas (Polri) in Papua are not active in seeing, resolving and managing the problems that occur due to business presence in various sectors.

SUN noted that the government in Papua is openly indicated to clothe businesses that do not respect the rights of the community which are regulated in various regulations in protecting the rights of indigenous peoples in Indonesia, especially in Papua after the birth of Law Number 21 Year 2001, concerning Otsus for Papua Province and Other regulations for the protection of OAP (Orang Asli Papua).

The facts at the Mosairo River proved this, because according to him, the Wate Tribe community, Kampung Nifasi, Makimi District, Nabire, suffered neglect, indigenous land grabs, intimidation and violation of indigenous rights by mining businesses. The granting of IUP (Mining Business Licenses) over their ulayat by the Provincial Government of Papua took place without the collective knowledge of the Nifasi community, as well as the basis of customary release as an absolute requirement in legitimizing the licensing of the mines business of those companies is completely unknown to the Nifasi community.

"The situation has made many conflicts happen there. Various parties should pay serious attention to resolving the conflict in the Mosairo River, "he hopes to continue the voice of Wate society.

With the launch of Indonesia's National Action Plan for Business and Human Rights in Jakarta recently, Solidarity for Nifasi felt this was a positive opportunity and a positive breakthrough by the state mainly referring to the second part of the company's responsibility to respect human rights, which means not violating human rights Internationally recognized human by avoiding, reducing, or preventing negative effects of corporate operations.

The launch was held Komnas HAM RI and ELSHAM held at Sari Pan Pacific Hotel Jakarta, Friday (16/06/2017). It refers to the mandate of the United Nations Human Rights Council which adopted the "United Nations Framework on Guiding Principles for Business and Human Rights: Protection, Respect and Recovery", also known as the Ruggie Principles, in June 2011. The Principles consist of Three pillars known for protection, respect and recovery. First, the state's obligation to protect human rights, in which the government must protect individuals from human rights violations by third parties, including businesses.

Second, the company's responsibility to respect human rights, which means it does not violate internationally recognized human rights by avoiding, reducing, or preventing negative impacts of corporate operations. Thirdly, the need to expand access for victims has had an effective remedy, both through both judicial and non-judicial mechanisms.


Pewarta: CR-3 / SP

Editor: Arnold Belau