Wednesday, August 16, 2017

1) Protest in Support of Papuan Independence Ends in Clashes, Arrests


2) 100s arrested as police and reactionary groups block protests against New York Agreement

3) Contract to be extended to 2041 as Freeport agrees to divest 51% shares
4) FIRST COMPETITION FOR BIRD OF PARADISE IMITATION IN PAPUA
5) HIS SOLDIER RESPONSIBLE FOR POMAKO INCIDENT, TNI COMMANDER APOLOGIZE
6) KOMNAS HAM RI MEET VICTIMS’ FAMILIES OF DEIYAI ​​TRAGEDY

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1) Protest in Support of Papuan Independence Ends in Clashes, Arrests



A march in support of Papuan independence in Central Jakarta on Tuesday afternoon (15/08) ended with the arrest of several protesters and allegations of police brutality. (JG Photo/Dames Alexander Sinaga)
By : Dames Alexander Sinaga | on 5:07 PM August 16, 2017
Jakarta. A march in support of Papuan independence in Central Jakarta on Tuesday afternoon (15/08) ended with the arrest of several protesters and allegations of police brutality.
"This protest is simultaneously taking place in 11 cities across Indonesia," Papuan Student Alliance (AMP) activist Frans Nawipa told the Jakarta Globe during the event. He alleged that protesters at similar actions in other cities were assaulted by police.

Frans said the 1969 Act of Free Choice (Pepera) was invalid and urged the government to hold a new independence referendum for all Papuans. Pepera refers to a series of eight regional assemblies from July to August 1969, on which the government bases its assertion that the people of Papua decided to relinquish their sovereignty in favor of Indonesian citizenship.
Protesters were planning to march from the busy Hotel Indonesia traffic circle to the State Palace, but police prevented them from doing so.

"We are conducting peaceful resistance; we don't want any violence. We have a permit to hold the protest, why wouldn't you let us through?" one of the protesters told police.
A senior police officer tried to negotiate with the protesters to remain at the starting point, but they refused to comply, resulting in clashes and subsequent arrests.
One protester said police refused to allow them to march to the State Palace because of the preparations currently underway for Independence Day.
The protestors also expressed their dissatisfaction with the Indonesian government over high levels of poverty among the people of Papua, despite the region's abundant natural resources

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2) 100s arrested as police and reactionary groups block protests against New York Agreement

Suara Papua - August 15, 2017

Bastian Tebai, Semarang -- As many as 100 people were arrested by police when the Papua Student Alliance (AMP) and the Indonesian People's Front for West Papua (FRI-WP) held peaceful demonstrations in several cities across Java.

The actions were held to protest the New York Agreement which was signed in New York on August 15, 1962 between the Netherlands and Indonesia which gave the United Nations a mandate to supervise a referendum for Papuan in 1969.

Rally materials such as banners and posters were forcibly confiscated and protesters were beaten and kicked suffering injuries. The police also allowed reactionary social organisations (ormas) to take part in blocking the rallies organised by the AMP and FRI-WP.

Protest actions took place in several cities including the Central Java cities of Semarang and Yogyakarta, Jakarta, the West Java capital of Bandung and the East Java cities of Surabaya and Malang. As many as 100 people were arrested including journalists and human rights defenders from the Legal Aid Foundation (LBH).

In Semarang, as many as 47 people from the AMP, the Student Struggle Center for National Liberation (Pembebasan) and the Indonesian Cultural Society Union (SeBumi) held a demonstration on Jl. Pahlawan in front of the Diponegoro University in Simpang Lima.

According to Suara Papua's observations, the protesters were blocked by police behind which were social organisations who were on alert to back them up. Several of the groups carried paraphernalia with the red-and-white colours of the Indonesian national flag. Police had three trucks, three vehicles and Tactical Police Unit (Sabhara) on standby.

Police then tried to arrest action coordinator Januarius Adii, who was grabbed by his dreadlocks resulting in head injuries. One other person was injured in the scuffle that followed.

In all 47 people were arrested with police forcibly confiscating a banner with the groups demands along with 17 posters. Those arrested were taken to the Semarang municipal police office where Januarius Adii underwent six-hours of questioning until 4.30pm.

Those arrested in Semarang were: Jackson Gwijangge, Frans Yelemaken, Deva Yelemaken, Alfrida Kedeikoto, Mey Tebay, Theo Hisage, M. Kano (SeBumi), Saverius, Alex Duwitau, Bonni M, Yuli Gobay, Ney Sobolim, Deserius Dogomo, Lina Butu, Novela Wetipo, Danny Nawipa, Petu Tebai, Penthol (Indonesian People's United Resistance -- PPRI), Elizabeth Magai, Yohanes Tigi, Januarius Tibakoto, Yohanes Dogomo, Markus Butu, Bastian Tebai (Suara Papua journalist), Ferry Tibakoto, Deky Pagawak, Gamson Alom, Aperinus Waker, Gasper Alom, Ontas Aud, Fincen Matuan, Dimes A, Nianus, Paulus Wuka, Ayon Widigipa, Stefanus Iyai, Tenus Tsenawatme, Zan Magai, Melianus Tabuni, Tamin Murib, Sigintak Wasiangge, Apoel Maloa (SeBumi), Frengky Yelipele, Bernardo Boma, Januarius Adi, Nicho (LBH) and Rizky (LBH).

In Yogyakarta, several ormas again allied themselves with the police who were on alert with two police vehicles, three police trucks, 10 trail bikes and a water cannon.

The protesters were surrounded as soon as the rally was about to begin with police and ormas members beating back demonstrators and forcibly confiscating rally materials such as banners and posters.

Twenty nine people were arrested: Rico Tude, Gabriel Hegemur, Semi Yobe, Aris Wanibo, Aris Yeimo, Andreas Yeimo (AMP), Abbi Douw, Zayur Bingga, Ferri Edowai, Elia Mote, Sael Makituma, Fabianus Pigome, Musa Pekei, Naomi Buyu, Adriana Yogi, Bertha Haluk, Marlen (Muhammadiyah Regional Leadership -- PDM), Opik (PMD), Syarul (PMD), Fitri Lestari (Pembebasan), Deven (Pembebasan), Is (Pembebasan), Randi (Pembebasan), Taufan (Solidaritas), Ardan (Solidaritas), Riden (Solidaritas), Adli (Pembebasan), Erwin (solidaritas) and Napi. The 29 were released at 5.30pm.

In Jakarta, a clash broke out between protesters and members of reactionary social organisations. It was reported that four people were seriously injured including Adam (FRI-WP), Frans Nawipa, Jhon Gobay and Rudhi Amir (FRI-WP).

In all 24 protesters were arrested in Jakarta: Jhems Nawipa, Jhon Gobay, Erepul Sama, Alber Mungguar, Surya Anta, Siwa, Agus, Rais, Apax, Erna, Adam, Edi, Alex, Peyon, Andi, Rulans, Olen, Dean, Rudhi, Rahman, Sam, Smit, Rifai and Ucok Siagian (journalist).

In Malang, a joint rally by the AMP and FRI-WP was blocked by three social organisations, namely the Pancasila Youth (PP), the Communication Forum for Children of Retired Military and Police Officers (FKPPI) and the Nahdlatul Ulama's paramilitary youth wing Barisan Ansor Serbaguna (Banser).

Police tried to appear impartial but according to a Malang AMP official contacted by Suara Papua, the actions of these groups were supported by police with the aim being to beat back the demonstrators and curb free speech. One person, Yesaya Ukago, suffering head injuries in the chaos.

In Bandung, a joint action by the AMP and FRI-WP was blocked by police and social organisations. Meanwhile in Surabaya, the AMP and FRI-WP held a press conference after the action was blockaded and it was impossible to continue with the rally.

In Ternate meanwhile, a solidarity action support the right to self-determination for the Papuan nation was also held today.

In a press release received by Suara Papua, the groups said that they reject the New York Agreement because firstly, it did not involve the Papuan people as the legal subjects and legitimate owners of Papua and because both the Netherlands and Indonesia were colonisers. Second, because the Papuan people were not involved, the agreement and its outcome are not binding upon the Papuan people. Based on this, both the Pepera [the so called 'Act of Free Choice'] and Indonesia's occupation of Papua is illegal.

The New York Agreement belittled the human dignity of the Papuan people and because of this the protesters are demanding to be given the right to self-determination as the only democratic solution for the people of Papua.

[Slightly abridged translation by James Balowski. The original title of the article was "100 Orang Ditangkap dalam Aksi Tolak New York Agreement".]

Source: http://suarapapua.com/2017/08/15/100-orang-ditangkap-dalam-aksi-tolak-new-york-agreement/
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3) Contract to be extended to 2041 as Freeport agrees to divest 51% shares
Jakarta | Wed, August 16, 2017 | 07:30 am

Coordinating Maritime Affairs Minister Luhut Binsar Pandjaitan has said that the contract of gold and copper miner PT Freeport Indonesia will be extended to 2041 as the company agreed to divest 51 percent of its shares to Indonesia’s entities.
“Our law says the contract can be extended by 10 years, but because the company has agreed to divest 51 percent of its shares and to construct smelters, a 20-year contract extension is no problem,” Luhut said as reported by kontan.co.id on Tuesday.
Representatives of PT Freeport Indonesia, a subsidiary of United States-based mining giant Freeport-McMoRan, have been negotiating with government officials about the conversion of its Contract of Work (CoW), signed in 1991, into a Special Mining License (IUPK).
Without a contract extension, Freeport’s contract is set to expire in 2021.
Luhut said the share value of the company would be calculated based on market prices, without taking into consideration the gold and copper reserves in the Papua mining site.
“We know how to calculate the value of shares, which is in accordance with the universal standard. We cannot calculate the amounts of reserves, which are still inside the earth,” said the minister. (bbn)

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4) FIRST COMPETITION FOR BIRD OF PARADISE IMITATION IN PAPUA

Jayapura, Jubi – In order to prevent the Bird of Paradise (Cenderawasih) become extinct from the Papua land, Papua Provincial Government on Monday (August 14) held a competition of cendrawasih bird imitation.
The competition held at Gedung Kesenian Papua (DKP) in IMBI, Jayapura City as a follow-up of the Papua Governor’s circulation related to prohibition of native birds to be made as souvenirs.
The expert staff of Papua Governor, Anie Rumbiak, supports the circular of Papua Governor to ban the use of Cenderawasih birds. This competition was followed by craftsmen/women, artists and artisans of the imitation bird under the auspices of Papuan Art Council,

“Regulations on the prohibition of cenderawasih birds to be souvenirs are still being discussed at the Legal Bureau, and if it is official, it will be the legal umbrella for all parties that cenderawasih birds must be protected. We want all stakeholders to give positive feedback to build Papua. Recommendations from artists and craftsmen,” Ani told Jubi.
Meanwhile, Nomensen Mambraku, a Papuan artist said the government should have a firm and complete regulation not only to protect the birds, but also nature and Papuan people.
“Sadly most of the officials have yet understood the dignity of indigenous Papuan, including the importance to protectcCenderawasih birds and Papuan art,” he said.
He also hopes that all stakeholders will not use a real bird of paradise as souvenir anymore.
“To give Cenderawasih birds to other people is a mistake. The bird belongs to a custom or warlord of the tribe and it belongs to Papuan. So not everyone can get the bird of paradise,” he said.
The competition of bird cenderawasih imitation is followed by 28 craftspeople. Six winners are awarded trophies and coaching money.
“Fredika Rumkorem, Daniel Kulisman, Herlina Rumkorem become the first to the third winner of the cute gypsum imitation competition,” said Saut Marpaung, Secretary of Jury Council. (*)
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5) HIS SOLDIER RESPONSIBLE FOR POMAKO INCIDENT, TNI COMMANDER APOLOGIZE

Jayapura, Jubi – Regional Commander XVII/Cenderawasih Major General George Elnadus supit apologize to the victim’s family related to the incidents or a brawl between two groups of fishermen in the port of archipelago Pomako, Mimika, Papua, on Wednesday (August 9).
“Myself and on behalf of the TNI institution, especially Kodam XVII/Cenderawasih, I apologize to the whole community especially to the family of Pomako incident at the commotion between groups of fishermen who died,” he said in Timika, Mimika Regency, Papua on Saturday.
According to him, Kodam XVII / Cenderawasih has formed a team of investigation to investigate and proceed to legal process against TNI soldiers suspected as perpetrators.

“Instead I’d like to extend my appeal to entire community that our country is based on rule of law, let us put forward the positive law in any settlement of affairs in society, so that any friction that occurs should be resolved by consensus in accordance with Indonesia identity in the spirit of mutual cooperation based on Bhinneka Tunggal Ika (unity in diversity) in the framework of NKRI,” he said.
Furthermore, the Cenderawasih Commander reminded the people not to be quickly provoked by issues deliberately stimulated by stalled groups that could lead to the disintegration of the nation.
“Let’s put aside our differences and develop the spirit of unity, living side by side in a peaceful and familial atmosphere regardless of ethnic, religious, racial and intergroup differences,” he said.
In addition to an apology forthwith, Cenderawasih military commander had also ordered Korem 174/ATW Brigadier General Asep Setia Gunawan to visit the residence of the late Theodore Cakakem in Kampung Asmat, Pomako and welcomed families and Asmat community leaders.
At that moment, Danrem 174/ATW Brigadier General Asep Setia Guunawan said that he came from Merauke to Timika to convey profound condolences to represent the institution of the army.
“We did not want the incident to happen and there were members of the TNI who were the victims of the incident,” he said.
Danrem hopes his visit to the families of victims can heartened their heart and bring cool atmosphere, as to prevent certain parties took advantage of the situation for other purposes, he said.
Meanwhile, as a result of the riots, two Armies personnel, Serka Yusuf had injured on on the head while struggling from what it said as angry fishermen, as he was forced to issue a shot. Another one, Kopda Andi fared worse than experienced by his superiors. He suffered a stab wound on his head, injured the arm and his back caused by a spear puncture.
Based on the treating doctor’s diagnosis at Timika hospital, Kopda Andi potentially would bear lifelong disability as a result of stab wounds on his back had damaged some specific nerves. Until now he could not move his legs.
For further treatment, Kopda Andi has been evacuated to Surabaya to get more adequate treatment on Friday last week.(*)

Source: antara
Editor: Zely Ariane

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6) KOMNAS HAM RI MEET VICTIMS’ FAMILIES OF DEIYAI ​​TRAGEDY
Dogiyai, Jubi – Human Rights Commissioner RI, Natalius Pigai, met the families of victims of Deiyai tragedy 1 August, Thursday (August 10) at Kampung Oneibo, Deiyai ​​District, Papua.
Natalius Pigai said Komnas HAM went to the scene to gather and hear directly from the families of victims and witnesses.
“We’ve heard a lot from the media and spoken of by many people. But, we came here (to the scene) to see and hear directly from people who experienced themselves of the tragedy,” said Pigai.

Pigai also asked the reason behind Brimob’s arrival with full fledge weapon.
“Is this Brimob commissioned from Brimob leadership to this company, or the company calleed Brimob? What does this mean?” asked Pigai.
He asked the district government of Deiyai ​​on the role and responsibility PT Putra Dewa Paniai. He suggests that in the future this company shouldn’t have been given any project. It is because, he said, the existence of PT Putra Dewa Paniai has only gave bad impact for the citizens Deiyai ​​and Meepago region in general.
On Oneibo case, the company has now been publicly known to the international community for its role in the shootings of 17 people. He promised the residents and families of victims, Komnas HAM RI will continue to provide assistance and guard the legal process until the case is settled.
Representatives of the families of the victims, Oktovianus Pekei said they had met with Komnas HAM Commissioner and had provided the requested data and information.
Pekei said, to continue the legal investiontiga of the tragedy, families of the victims have collected various data that will be used in the case.(*)
Source: tabloidjubi.com
Editor: Zely Ariane
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Tuesday, August 15, 2017

1) CATHOLIC BISHOPS URGE CARE FOR SEA & PEOPLE OF WEST PAPUA



1) CATHOLIC BISHOPS URGE CARE FOR SEA & PEOPLE OF WEST PAPUA
2) Protests in Indonesian cities mark New York Agreement on Papua
3) No end to violence in Papua?
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1) CATHOLIC BISHOPS URGE CARE FOR SEA & PEOPLE OF WEST PAPUA
Nabire, Jubi – Executive Committee of the Federation of Catholic Bishops Conferences of Oceania urge care for the sea and support the indigenous people of West Papua.
The statement is written by the committee consisted of Australia, Papua New Guinea and Solomon Islands, New Zealand, CEPAC – the rest of the Pacific through its press statement released by scoop.co.nz, Monday (August 14).
The Executive Committee of the Federation of Catholic Bishops Conferences of Oceania is currently meeting in Auckland, New Zealand. They come from a multitude of island nation States spread throughout the Pacific Ocean.

They said, Bishops of the Pacific, the place of the sea in the lives of the peoples they serve were a central focus of their meeting. “Our common ocean is teeming with life and goodness. For many of our peoples the sea is their treasured source of nutrition, sustenance and livelihood. In solidarity with them, Psalm 107 resonates in our hearts: “those that do business in the great waters, they behold the world of the Lord and his wonders in the deep.”
The bishops and archbishops aware of the impact of climate change on island nations and have been visiting communities and recording the destruction of shorelines affecting them.
They also said that they have particular interest in the “Blue Economy” to uphold a model of development that respects the fundamental importance of sustainability that looks way beyond any perceived short term economic windfall.
“Members of Parliament and local Governors and other civic authorities have a particular duty to promote long term economic and social development and to be vigilant in guarding against any attempts by international businesses to exploit our common resource,” it said.
They applaud government, community and private initiatives to develop water ecotourism and sustainable sea fishing. They also reaffirm that they are not “anti-development”. They look to the common good and thus advocate for an integrated approach to development where local customary practices are respected and communities are assisted to grow employment opportunities.
On West Papua
A further focus has been the livelihood and cultural integrity of the people of West Papua.
They said clearly that they do not promote a view in regard to independence (of West Papua). “Indeed we believe that where this question becomes a single focus, care to uphold and strengthen local institutions of democracy may be overlooked,” they said.
The federation echoes the call for quality education in Papua, for fair and transparent access to jobs, training programmes and employment, for respect of land titles, and for clear boundaries between the role of defense and police forces and the role of commerce.
They claimed that the large majority of indigenous people of Papua seek peace and the various dialogue groups, advocating and witnessing to peaceful co-existence, are a source of hope for all.
They will hold the Plenary Assembly in Port Moresby in April 2017 to which is invited all the bishops of Oceania. And the theme then will be – ‘Care of our Common Home of Oceania: A sea of possibilities’.
The statement signed by two Archbishops and four Bishops. They Archbishops are: Archbishop Sir John Cardinal Ribat MSC (President), Archbishop of Port Moresby, PNG and Archbishop Michel Calvet SM, Archbishop of Noumea, New Caledonia. And the four Bishops are: Bishop Robert McGuckin (Deputy President) Bishop of Toowoomba, Australia; Bishop Colin Campbell, Bishop of Dunedin, New Zealand; Bishop Charles Drennan, Bishop of Palmerston North, New Zealand; and Bishop Vincent Long OFM Conv, Bishop of Parramatta, Australia.(*)
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2) Protests in Indonesian cities mark New York Agreement on Papua
8:58 pm on 15 August 2017 

Protests have been held in several cities in Indonesia to mark the anniversary of the agreement which sealed West Papua's incorporation into the republic.
Today is the 55th anniversary of the New York Agreement, the US-brokered deal under which the Netherlands agreed to transfer control of West Papua to Indonesia, pending a UN-administered plebiscite.
The agreement, which Papuans were not party to, paved the way for 1969's Act of Free Choice which gave Indonesia control of the former Dutch New Guinea. Many Papuans say the process was undemocratic and a betrayal.
Today, small protests were held in Indonesian cities of Yogyakarta, Semarang, Ternate, Bandung, Malang and Jakarta to mark the date.

The protests, which were organised by the Papuan Students Alliance and the Indonesian People's Front for West Papua, were monitored closely by police personnel.
Reports from Indonesia indicate over 40 people were arrested in the Semarang rally, and around 30 people in both Jakarta and Yogyakarta events.
Additionally, some of the protestors claim they were physically assaulted by members of civillian militia who along with police outnumbered the protestors in some cases.
At the Malang protest, one man claimed to have sustained a head injury after being punched by a a civillian militia member after he shouted "merdeka", a common cry for Papuan freedom.

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3) No end to violence in Papua?
August 14, 2017
Author
Hipolitus Yolisandry Ringgi Wangge is a researcher at the Marthinus Academy in Jakarta. His current research focuses on democratisation in developing countries, particularly the role of crucial actors such as the military during democratic transition and consolidation. He has conducted fieldwork in West Papua on the role of Papuan youth in political and cultural identity during the special autonomy era.


Reports about the shooting of an indigenous Papuan(link is external) by police officers early this month in Deiyai district, Papua, have renewed focus on how human rights abuses by security officials in the region remain unaddressed by the government of President Joko “Jokowi” Widodo.

Accounts of what triggered the incident differ, although most suggest that it began when workers at a construction company refused to take a near-drowned villager to the hospital. The villager’s relatives and other local residents protested and a scuffle broke out. Police and military officials arrived and, according to an eyewitness, opened fire on the crowd without firing any warning shots. This left one man, Yulianus Pigai, dead, and 16 other Papuans wounded,(link is external) including children.

Local police predictably claimed that Mobile Brigade (Brimob) personnel only used rubber bullets to disperse the crowd. But a relative of one of the injured residents has posted photos on social media of real bullet casings, apparently used by police.

Despite government pledges to change the approach to the region, violence against indigenous Papuans at the hands of security forces has continued unabated. Hundreds of thousands of military and police officials have been deployed to the region. The government justifies this security presence for three main reasons. The first is to secure so-called national assets, such as the massive Freeport McMoran mine. The second is to respond to the Free Papua Movement (OPM), and other small-scale organisations agitating for independence. The third is to prevent and address horizontal conflict between non-indigenous and indigenous Papuans, and among Papuan tribes.

The shooting has also highlighted the lack of policy coherence of the Jokowi administration. Since Jokowi took over from Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono in 2014, the government has initiated several economic policies, including establishing massive infrastructure projects, and implementing a one-fuel price policy,(link is external) which aim, among other things, to improve economic development in Papua.

On the political front, Jokowi granted clemency to five Papuan political prisoners in 2015. Human Rights Watch researcher Andreas Harsono recently reported that Jokowi has been quietly releasing dozens more(link is external) over the past year. In his first nearly three years in power, he has visited the two Papuan provinces far more often than his predecessors. Yet none of these efforts have had much of an impact on the central problem in Papua, which is one of human rights.

Jokowi does not appear to have any clear design for addressing violations of human rights in Papua, or across the country more broadly. About the same time as the shooting, for example, police officers dispersed a workshop convened by the Indonesian People’s Tribunal on the 1965 violence – a reminder of how quickly Jokowi’s plans for reconciliation for past human rights abuses have unravelled.

Scholars argue that ethno-nationalist protests can gather steam when the government is resistant to holding human rights violators – particularly state security officials – to account through the courts. This lack of justice results in deep trauma for victims’ families and increases public mistrust of the central government. This, in turn, enables political actors to mobilise the people to express aspirations for independence, as has happened in Papua.

There are two basic problems within the government approach to human rights in Papua. First, institutions and approaches are poorly coordinated. This is an old and unresolved problem that the Indonesian government has faced since it initiated structural reforms in the early 2000s. For years, government institutions, in particular, the Coordinating Ministry for Legal, Political, and Security Affairs, the Home Affairs Ministry, the Foreign Affairs Ministry, the National Police (Polri) and the Indonesian Military (TNI), have promoted different and sometimes inconsistent policies to deal with problems in Papua.

Former Coordinating Minister for Legal, Political, and Security Affairs Luhut Panjaitan formed an integrated working group to find a solution to three of the most concerning human rights cases: the 2014 Paniai shootings, the 2001 Wamena incident, and the 2003 Wasior incident. However, when former General Wiranto succeeded Luhut in 2016, the team was dismissed, and there have been no follow-up activities to address these crucial issues. Wiranto recently claimed that that the shooting in Deiyai was not a human rights violation.(link is external)

Another example of this inconsistent approach is Jokowi’s 2015 promise to lift restrictions on foreign journalists reporting from Papua. There have still not been any specific policies introduced to implement this directive. Any foreign journalist who wishes to go to Papua must still undertake a complicated application process(link is external) and follow strict requirements, particularly from security-related agencies and, occasionally, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

A comprehensive human rights policy – not an economic policy – should be the priority for resolving the issues in Papua. Economic policy has been the prescription favoured by every Indonesian president to address problems in Papua. They seem to believe that aspirations for independence are simply a function of the poor quality of life of many indigenous Papuans, and improving welfare will lead to these demands fading.

In reality, the situation is far more complex. Papuans’ trust issues with the central government do not stem from poverty. Rather, they result from the insecurity of living with the threat of violence from the security officers who surround them, a massive presence that in itself contributes to traumatisation. In addition, the stagnation of internal reforms in the police and TNI that might make them better able to deal with low-level conflicts and protests in Papua without violence has made a bad situation worse.

Indigenous Papuans will continue to be killed as long as the central government lacks the political will or capacity to better coordinate national institutions and prioritise human rights issues in Papua.


Sent from my iPad

1) A Tough Year For Freeport Indonesia


2) PTPN II WENT BANKRUPT, 20,000 EMPLOYEES LOST THEIR JOBS
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For the Indonesian arm of US mining giant Freeport McMoRan, 2017 has hardly been a stellar year. With seemingly endless legal tangles amid contract negotiations and ongoing labour disputes, the year will be marked as one in which much was developed despite the odds. So, three-quarters of the way through the year: what has been achieved and what is left?
Going public
Indonesia Stock Exchange President Director Tito Sulistio said Indonesia is the global mining giant’s largest revenue raiser and it is time it goes public in Indonesia.
Speaking in July, Sulistio said the firm, which is listed overseas, was previously listed in Indonesia from 1994 to 1995 under the name Indocopper. During that time, the shares accounted for 9.36 percent of Indocopper and were purchased by a Freeport affiliate, returning to the firm after the 1995 delisting.
“They reap profit in Indonesia, but the holding company is listed overseas,” he said.
The call is part of a larger push to list 53 foreign companies who have major operations in Indonesia, yet are listed elsewhere, to go public on the IDX. Targeted foreign companies include those in mining, property, palm oil and plantations, according to a report from Tempo. Most are listed in Singapore, Australia, China and Malaysia. 
Now is the time, Sulistio told Freeport and others. Previous concerns over Indonesia’s stock exchange have all but disappeared after a series of structural reforms.
Concerns over lacking liquidity have been resolved with the IDX now serving 340,000 transactions daily, he said. Plans to attract more state-owned firms will also help solidify the market.
“Indonesia has many infrastructure projects and it is time for them to be financed by the capital market, instead of the state budget,” he said, as reported by Tempo.
Sulistio also noted Indonesia’s strong economy as an incentive.
“We have also obtained investment grade. There’s no reason not to be listed at the IDX,” he said
Divestment, divestment, divestment 
Freeport Indonesia has announced plans to release shares equivalent to 5 percent in the near future. This is part of a larger 15 percent share divestment process to be undertaken by Freeport McMoRan, the majority shareholder of Freeport Indonesia.
The Indonesian government has maintained Freeport must divest shares if it intends to continue operations within the country. Introduced in January, the government demanded Freeport must give up the 1991 contract as well as divest a 51 percent stake in its local unit, pay higher royalties and construct a second copper smelter. The demands brought the Grasburg mine in Papua, the third largest copper mine in the world, to a grinding halt. 
The announcement of the 5 percent divestment, made by Industry Minister Mohamad S. Hidayat in July, followed contract renegotiations with Freeport Indonesia CEO Rozik Soetjipto during which stock divestment was on the agenda.
Freeport is expected to offer a 10 percent stake to the central government, which would be passed on to the provincial government of Papua if declined. A further 5 percent is expected to be offered to the public, listing Freeport on the Indonesian Stock Exchange.
Divestment is just the first step in creating a long-standing agreement between the miner and the government. Freeport has insisted a new contract be drawn up before committing to the US$15 billion investment necessary for the new smelter.
“Freeport Indonesia promised to comply with Indonesia’s mineral and coal laws but has no plans to build a smelter. It is preparing a (memorandum of understanding) with three Indonesian smelter companies,” Hidayat said.
Renegotiations
Finance Minister Sri Mulyani Indrawati earlier this month continued negotiations with Freeport. She said any outcome must see increased government revenue.
“Any term, any name used, I don’t care. The main thing is the revenue collected by the government should be greater than before. That’s the government’s stance. And it’s being formulated,” she told Tempo
Negotiations, which began in May, are stalling with the government insisting on a 51 percent divestment and Freeport advocating for 30 percent. The miner argues it has ‘reduced its obligation’ after large-scale investment, according to Tempo.
The arduous nature of the negotiations does not concern Indrawati: “We are prepared to negotiate until an agreement is reached. Thereafter, we will talk about the composition, when, who would be potential buyers and the arrangement.”
Negotiations will continue until October, with Freeport McMoRan, parent company of Freeport Indonesia, Chief Executive Richard Adkerson warning a willingness to go to international arbitration if necessary.
Labour woes
Regulations aren’t the only problem for Freeport Indonesia, with a 5,000 worker strong strike extending into its fourth month. 
Late July, Reuters reported Freeport Indonesia Union Industrial Relations Officer Tri Puspital said no solution had been found to worker’s concerns. The strike was called in May after 10 percent of the workforce had been laid off amid cost-cutting. 
By May, Freeport management said mining rates at the massive Grasberg mine had been impacted by the strike.
“We will demand that the government uphold fundamental labour standards,” IndustriALL Assistant General Secretary Kemal Özkan told Reuters ahead of a meeting in Indonesia.
IndustriALL represents 50 million workers in 140 countries and has previously focused on the region’s dangerous garment industry.
This article was co-written by Shannon Claudia and Erin Cook.
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2) PTPN II WENT BANKRUPT, 20,000 EMPLOYEES LOST THEIR JOBS
Jayapura, Jubi – Around 20 thousands employees of oil palm plantation company, PT Perkebunan Nusantara (PTPN) II in Arso Tami, Keerom Regency have lost their jobs because the company is now being critical.
Deerd Tabuni, chairman of Commission II of Papua House of Representatives in charge of plantations and economy, said the company of PTPN II which operated in Arso since 1992, is now losing money. The cost of spending is not proportional to the production of palm oil. As a result, it has been almost two years since the company stay halt.
“PTPN II Arso has 20,000 employees, now they are losing their jobs, so they and their families depend on oil companies,” Deerd said last week.
According to him, there is a discourse of the State-Owned Enterprises (SOEs) would be granted to Papua Provincial Government to be managed. Some time ago, the Commission II of the Papuan House met the deputy head of Keerom and related officials discussing the discourse.
“When it was agreed to form a joint team, this team will coordinate with the Minister of SOEs in Jakarta, so that PTPN II Arso will be granted to Papua Province to be managed,” he said.
If it granted, the management will be conducted by provincial government and 20 thousands employees can return to work. According to him, this step has been taken by West Papua province. The management of an oil palm company in Manokwari is handed over to West Papua Provincial Government and the result looks better.
“Our task is to form a joint team to find a way out, to communicate with the Minister of SOEs and Commission VI of the House of Representatives to grant the assets to the Papua Provincial Government,” he said.
Nikius Bugianggen, another member of Commission II of the Papua House, echoed the similar statement. He said, the house will make an effort to get the relevant ministries to issue a letter of recommendation for the acquisition of oil palm plantations which has been managed by PTPN II.
“We would like the SOEs minister hand over the management rights of PTPN II to the Provincial Government of Papua or Keerom Regency government,” he said. (*)
 Source: tabloidjubi.com
Editor: Zely Ariane
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